Quebec's approach to immigration is distinct within the Canadian landscape. While immigration in Canada is primarily a federal responsibility, Quebec holds unique authority in this domain. This authority is a result of Quebec's active involvement in shaping its immigration policies, commencing with the establishment of its own immigration ministry in 1968.

The reason behind Quebec's proactive role is its commitment to preserving its Francophone identity. This pursuit has led to an expansion of Quebec's jurisdiction in immigration. Presently, Quebec is responsible for selecting skilled workers who aim to immigrate to the province, while the federal government manages the admission process.

The process can be broken down into two steps:

1. Selection by Quebec: Quebec chooses immigrants based on its criteria and procedures. If selected, you and your family will receive a "Certificat de sélection du Québec" (CSQ) issued by the "Ministère de l'Immigration, de la Francisation et de l’Intégration du Québec." You can obtain the CSQ by applying for one of Quebec's immigration programs.

2. Permanent Residence Application: Upon receiving your CSQ, you can proceed to the next step. This involves applying to "Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada" for permanent residence, which includes medical, security, and criminality checks.

To summarize, to immigrate to Quebec, you must meet the requirements set by both the provincial and federal levels of government.

Quebec's Economic Immigration Programs

Quebec's unique status as the sole province in Canada with French as its official language shapes its immigration programs. Proficiency in French enhances your chances of immigrating, but it's also possible to meet the program requirements without fluency in the language.

Quebec selects skilled workers for immigration based on its demographic and economic needs, along with specific annual admission targets. Immigrants may apply through the following economic immigration categories:

1. Quebec Regular Skilled Worker Program (QSWP): This program is for foreign skilled workers seeking permanent residence in Canada and Quebec. It considers factors like language proficiency, age, and family situation when selecting candidates.

2. Quebec Experience Program (PEQ): Ideal for international students with eligible diplomas from Quebec institutions and skilled workers with relevant work experience in the province. French proficiency is essential.

3. Quebec Permanent Immigration Pilot Programs: These programs target workers in specific sectors like the food industry, orderlies, and artificial intelligence, information technology, and visual effects. They aim to address the demand for skilled workers in these fields.

4. Quebec Business Immigration Programs: Businesspeople can apply for immigration through programs like the entrepreneur program, investor program, and the Quebec Immigrant Investor Program (QIIP). The QIIP, in particular, is one of the world's most sought-after passive investor programs, requiring only an investment, not business management.

5. Self-Employed Program: If you're a professional or tradesperson and want to be self-employed, this program could be for you.

Quebec's multifaceted approach to immigration offers a range of opportunities for those looking to make Quebec their new home.

Following are the useful official links: